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Mirzazadeh, MohammadReza, 2012. Molecular analysis of dog and wolf genomic DNA to explore integration polymorphisms of Canine Endogenous Retroviruses, CfERV. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics

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Abstract

Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are found in all examined vertebrate genomes. Different mammals have been reported to contain different amounts of ERVs. For example, in the dog genome 0.15% of sequences are derived from retroviruses. Genome rearrangements driven by retroviral transposition likely have had effects on plasticity of mammalian genomes. During evolution, occasionally, exogenous retrovirus (XRVs) infected germ line cells and the acquired provirus might have been transmitted vertically from generation to generation as a normal Mendelian trait. These rare events of germline infections will result in the generation of ERVs. To gain further insights into the nature of Canine Endogenous Retroviruses (CfERVs) we have performed a PCR-based survey of insertional polymorphism of those CfERVs that were estimated to have integrated recently due to the low degree of divergence of their respective 5’ and 3’ long terminal repeats (LTRs). The presence of potential integration polymorphism was analysed in genomic DNA prepared from different dog breeds and several wolves by using locus-specific primers for CfERV-chromosomal junctions. We did not find any evidence for integration polymorphism for the CfERV-Fc4 group, which may indicate that integration of this group of CfERVs occurred prior to domestication of dogs from Canis lupus. Furthermore, using sequence annotation tools the implication of CfERVs in canine copy-number variation (CNVs) was estimated and we have found evidences for overlap between CfERVs and CNVs.

Main title:Molecular analysis of dog and wolf genomic DNA to explore integration polymorphisms of Canine Endogenous Retroviruses, CfERV
Authors:Mirzazadeh, MohammadReza
Supervisor:Andersson, Göran and Jern, Patric and Martinez Barrio, Alvaro
Examiner:Andersson, Leif
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för husdjursgenetik
Volume/Sequential designation:392
Year of Publication:2012
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:VM002 Animal Breeding and Genetics - Erasmus Mundus Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Keywords:Endogenous Retrovirus (ERV), Canine Endogenous Retrovirus (CfERV), germ line, Vertical transmission, Polymorphism, Copy Number Variation (CNV)
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1896
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1896
Subjects:Animal genetics and breeding
Language:English
Deposited On:05 Dec 2012 12:17
Metadata Last Modified:05 Jun 2013 09:41

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