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Karlsson, Madeleine, 2012. Molecular identification and characterization of begomoviruses in Nicaraguan cultivars of common beans. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Plant Biology and Forest Genetics (until 131231)

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Abstract

The production of common bean in Nicaragua is restrained by the occurrence of begomoviruses (family Geminiviridae; genus Begomovirus). Infections with viruses are known to cause yield loss every year, making them an important target for investigation. This study was a part of INTA’s work to investigate the current prevalence and diversity of viruses in common bean plants in Nicaragua. The objective of this study was to identify species of begomoviruses that infects bean plants, and to estimate the degree of mixed infection of different begomoviruses. Samples were collected from two different areas on both costs of Nicaragua (Jinotega and Nueva Guinea), and observations indicating virus infection were made in both areas. Rolling circle amplification (RCA) was run in order to increase the amount of circular viral DNA and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with a universal primer pair was used for detection of begomoviruses. Infection with begomovirus was confirmed in both Jinotega and Nueva Guinea. The results from restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) indicated infection with more than one begomovirus in samples from two fields in Jinotega. Sequence analysis of RCA products from two samples (Jinotega 2a and Nueva Guinea 15c) also indicated mixed infection with Bean golden yellow mosaic virus (BGYMV) and Calopogonium golden mosaic virus (CalGMV) in sample 2a and infection with CalGMV in sample 15c. As begomoviruses are infecting beans of the Atlantic coast, strategies should be considered to control begomovirus infections in this area as well. Since the distribution of CalGMV could be more extensive in Nicaragua than previously known, there is a need for further investigations regarding the transmission of viruses between common beans and alternative hosts, such as the weed Calopogonium sp.

Main title:Molecular identification and characterization of begomoviruses in Nicaraguan cultivars of common beans
Authors:Karlsson, Madeleine
Supervisor:Kvarnheden, Anders
Examiner:Dixelius, Christina
Series:Examensarbete / Institutionen för växtbiologi och skogsgenetik, SLU
Volume/Sequential designation:136
Year of Publication:2012
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:NY002 Agricultural Programme - Food Science 270 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Plant Biology and Forest Genetics (until 131231)
Keywords:common bean, begomovirus, mixed viral infections, rolling circle amplification
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1809
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1809
Subjects:Plant diseases
Language:English
Deposited On:25 Oct 2012 13:47
Metadata Last Modified:25 Oct 2012 13:47

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