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Boveland, Judith, 2012. Carbon stocks in Danish forest types. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Soil and Environment

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Abstract

As part of international agreements, countries are now obliged to monitor their greenhouse gas
emissions as well as to report their possible sources and sinks. Carbon dioxide is one of the six greenhouse
gases listed in the Kyoto Protocol, contributing to global warming. Research is conducted to
gain knowledge on how to maximise forest carbon storage capacity, albeit, there are some constraints
and limitations to both the role of forests in CO2 mitigation efforts and the estimation and
comparison of forest carbon stocks. Forests provide multiple services which might be in conflict to a
management strategy solely addressing carbon storage. The estimation and comparison of forest
carbon stocks is insofar limited as for instance studies use different definitions for dead wood and
different soil depth. With respect to a changing climate, forests are subjected to changes that are not
fully predictable yet.

In this study, I have examined the effect of stand age, soil category, tree species, crown cover, broadleaf
fraction, tree species biodiversity, precipitation as well as previous land use on biomass, dead
wood, forest floor and soil carbon stock on Danish forests. The main influence derives from stand
age, soil category, tree species and crown cover. Depending on the carbon pool one to two of these
variables explain more than 50% of the variation in the respective model. In general, older forests
contain more C than younger ones. With increasing age, the biomass volume grows and the forest
floor develops, thus, accumulates C. Each soil category is characterized by its properties, which
among others determine the turnover rate of SOM, and consequently influencing the soil C stock.
The tree species significantly influence the C stocks due to their different litter quality and root system.
On average, a high crown cover indicates bigger biomass volumes and hence, greater C stock.
Previous land use significantly influences only the forest floor C stock. The relative C stocks are similar
to the absolute ones; here the soil C pool differs most, were e.g. the effect of broadleaf fraction
and biodiversity enters the model. Furthermore, other factors such as forest management and the
market for forest products influence C storage. The former especially affects the dead wood, forest
floor and soil C stock. The wood market in turn, influences the forest management and gives an explanation
for the average age of tree species. In total, broadleaf forests and forests on organic soil
category contain the most C. The average soil C stock amounts to 184 tC ha-1, the biomass C stock
contains 81.2 tC ha-1 on average, about 1.16 tC ha-1 is stored in dead wood and 15.3 tC ha-1 in forest
floor.

Main title:Carbon stocks in Danish forest types
Authors:Boveland, Judith
Supervisor:Karltun, Erik and Stupak Mølle, Inge and Vesterdal, Lars
Examiner:Stendahl, Johan
Series:Examensarbeten / Institutionen för mark och miljö, SLU
Volume/Sequential designation:2012:13
Year of Publication:2012
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM025 EnvEuro - European Master in Environmental Science 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Keywords:forest carbon storage, carbon pools, biomass carbon, dead wood carbon, forest floor carbon, soil carbon
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1646
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1646
Subjects:Forestry - General aspects
Language:English
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 11:16
Metadata Last Modified:14 Sep 2012 11:16

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