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Assefa Jima, Thomas, 2012. PCR-based identification of Fusarium spp. and impact of wound healing time on dry rot infection. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology

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Abstract

Dry rot is an important fungal storage and field rot found on potatoes world wide, which is caused by various Fusarium spp. Out of the thirteen Fusarium species reported, F. sambucinum Gibberella pulicaris) and F. coeruleum (F. solani var. coeruleum) are more frequently associated with dry rot of tubers. Quick and reliable identification of dry rot pathogens is important in the diagnosis, phylogenetics and suggesting the right management practices and
storage possibilities for processors and growers. Modern molecular-based techniques play a major role in quick, reliable and accurate identification of pathogens. In this study, the process of amplifying the ITS and LSU region of the rDNA from F. sambucinum and F. coeruleum using
the universal primers was laborious and time consuming. The universal primer pairs ITS1 x ITS2, ITS1-F x ITS 2, ITS 1 x LR 1, ITS 1-F x LR 1 were able to amplify F. sambucinum DNA
samples but failed to get a product using primer pair ITS 1 x ITS 4. The F. sambucinum primer pair S3F x S3R has failed to discriminate the DNA samples from F.coeruleum and T. viride.

Therefore, these regions of rDNA were not reliable for effective diagnosis of Fusarium strains
that cause dry rot. However, it helped to investigate the polymorphism between Fusarium spp. used to identify a specific ITS region. The impact of wound healing on dry rot infection was also investigated by this work. A decline
in relative mean rot volume of laboratory infected tubers with F. avenaceum and F. coeruleum spores was observed after 4-6 days of wound healing time. The highest mean rot recorded for both F. coeruleum and F. avenaceum infected tubers was at 0 and 2 days wound healing time, which might be due to the combined effect of bacteria and fungal infection. Furthermore, the F. avenaceum strain used in this study was more aggressive with the highest rot symptoms
compared to the F. coeruleum strain.

Main title:PCR-based identification of Fusarium spp. and impact of wound healing time on dry rot infection
Authors:Assefa Jima, Thomas
Supervisor:Funck Jensen, Dan and Samils, Nicklas and Karlsson, Magnus
Examiner:Yuen, Jonathan
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2012
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM008 Plant Biology - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Keywords:Fusarium spp., Rot infection, Wound healing
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1584
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1584
Subjects:Plant diseases
Language:English
Deposited On:29 Aug 2012 12:47
Metadata Last Modified:18 Sep 2012 10:59

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