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Holmgren, Johan, 1998. Estimating wood volume and basal area in forest compartments by combining satellite image data with field data : . Second cycle, A1E. Umeå: SLU, Dept. of Forest Resource Management

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Abstract

Landsat TM satellite image data and field data from the National Forest Inventory
(NFI) were combined using the kNN method. Wood volume and basal area
estimations were done for an area in western Sweden. For each pixel in the inventory
area, the distance in feature space was calculated to each reference (NFI) plot. The
estimation for each pixel in the inventory area could be determined by choosing
attribute values for the k closest neighbours in feature space and weighting them with
the inverse squared distances to the estimation pixel. Two distance functions were
used; Mahalanobis distance and prediction difference. The pixels were aggregated
into 296 validation compartments and an average for wood volume and basal area was
derived. Validation data for the compartments was acquired from a field inventory
conducted by STORA Forest and Timber. The main tree species were Scots pine
(Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies) and birch (Betula spp.). Volume and
basal area could be estimated with a standard error of 21 % by combining satellite
image and NFI data for compartments in the study area that had a volume between
100 and 300
m3 /ha. The standard error was high and wood volume was strongly
overestimated for volumes less then 100 m3 /ha. Wood volume was underestimated by
33 % for volumes greater then 300m3 /ha. Neither correcting of reflectance for
topography nor adding temperature sum improved wood volume estimation accuracy
in the validation compartments. However, wood volume and basal area estimation
accuracy improved if site index, age and mean tree height were included. The
standard error was then 12% for compartments with a volume between 100 and 300
m3
/ha. Using Prediction difference reduced the RMSE, compared to using
Mahalanobis distance, if mean tree height was included as predicting variable.

Main title:Estimating wood volume and basal area in forest compartments by combining satellite image data with field data
Subtitle:
Authors:Holmgren, Johan
Supervisor:Nilsson, Mats
Examiner:UNSPECIFIED
Series:Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning och geomatik
Volume/Sequential designation:47
Year of Publication:1998
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A1E
Student's programme affiliation:SY001 Forest Science - Master's Programme 300 HEC
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Keywords:Satellite image, forest inventory, compartment information, forest variables, data integration
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1277
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-1277
Subjects:Forestry production
Surveying methods
Language:English
Deposited On:26 Jun 2012 13:36
Metadata Last Modified:26 Jun 2012 13:36

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