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Bergfors, Stina, 2012. Evaluation of four methods for the assessment of joint swelling in dogs. Second cycle, A1N, A1F or AXX ( AXX). Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry (until 231231)



Evaluation of joint swelling is an important part of the orthopedic examination and can be used to follow a patient’s progress during rehabilitation and therapy. Usually a swelling is assessed by palpating the joint but a more objective, but still easy to use, method would be preferable.

This study seeks to increase the knowledge in veterinary rehabilitation by validating four different measurement tools (three recognized and one novel) for the assessment of elbow joint swelling: palpation, tape measure (circumference and figure eight measurement), slide caliper (craniocaudal and mediolateral positioning) and tonometer. This was achieved by calculating the inter- and intra-rater reliability and correlating the results from the different measurements with each other.

The methods with best inter- and intra-rater reliability as well as good correlation among themselves were shown to be slide caliper with craniocaudal positioning, circumference and figure eight. Additional studies, with a larger and more diverse material, ought to investigate these methods further.

Main title:Evaluation of four methods for the assessment of joint swelling in dogs
Authors:Bergfors, Stina
Supervisor:Bergh, Anna
Examiner:Kvart, Clarence
Series:Examensarbete / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Fakulteten för veterinärmedicin och husdjursvetenskap, Veterinärprogrammet
Volume/Sequential designation:2011:57
Year of Publication:2012
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A1N, A1F or AXX
Student's programme affiliation:3050A Veterinary Medicine Programme (admitted before July 1, 2007) 330 HEC
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry (until 231231)
Keywords:joint swelling, dogs, tape measure, slide caliper, tonometry, rehabilitation, outcome assessment tools
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Miscellaneous animal disorders
Deposited On:23 Jan 2012 09:33
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:24

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