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Lövgren, Emma, 2022. Complete removal of biomass from oilseed radish as a cover crop decreased nitrous oxide emissions. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Dept. of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)

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Abstract

One of the many benefits of utilizing cover crops in crop rotations is their carbon sequestrating
effect. However, frost-sensitive cover crops could emit high levels of the potent greenhouse gas
nitrous oxide. To avoid a system where the effect of carbon sequestration is simultaneously
mitigated through nitrous oxide emissions, it is important to identify which methods that are able to
decrease nitrous oxide emissions. A field trial was performed with 4 treatments of the frost sensitive
cover crop oilseed radish; (1) untreated, (2) cut and removed, (3) uprooted and removed and (4)
addition of a high C: N ratio material for immobilisation of nitrogen. The hypothesis was that all
treatments 2-4 would decrease nitrouse oxide emissions from oilseed radish, but that treatment 3
would have the largest effect. The mean cumulative emissions over the whole measuring period of
78 days were 774.3, 459.2, 271.2 and 651.7 g N2O-N ha-1, for treatments 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively.
Only treatment 3 was significantly different from the other treatments and proved to have potential
in decreasing N2O emissions from oilseed radish. However, the results need to be confirmed through
further studies, as well as the treatments economic and practical feasability. The results for
treatments 2 and 4 were not as expected, but raised questions and impulses for further research.

Main title:Complete removal of biomass from oilseed radish as a cover crop decreased nitrous oxide emissions
Authors:Lövgren, Emma
Supervisor:Ernfors, Maria
Examiner:Prade, Thomas
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2022
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:LY003 Horticultural Science Programme 300 HEC
Supervising department:(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
Keywords:Nitrous oxide, cover crops, freeze-thaw cycles, immobilization, oil seed radish
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18483
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18483
Subjects:Cropping patterns and systems
Pollution
Language:English
Deposited On:25 Nov 2022 11:23
Metadata Last Modified:26 Nov 2022 02:00

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