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Mascareño Suarez, Diego, 2022. Sustainable development of on-shore wind power : integrated landscape character assessment as a tool to improve assessment of on-shore wind power in southern Sweden. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)

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Abstract

To meet the increasing demand of renewable energy and move from the fossil-fuel economy, Sweden aims to expand the onshore wind power production from 30 TWh today, to 80 TWh by 2040, with a strong expansion in Southern Sweden aiming to complement the infrastructure implemented in Northern Sweden. The implementation in Southern Sweden has created growing conflict as landscapes of cultural, ecological, and social importance try to accommodate this new energy landscape. The citizenry has also been affected, with their role or lack of it being crucial to the development of wind power in the South of Sweden. The aim of my analysis is to estimate the increase in these overlapping goals and how processes that improve decision-making at regional level and citizen participation can be crucial to the successful implementation of wind power in Southern Sweden. This aim will be mainly achieved through the answering of 4 main research questions: 1) estimate land ownership and land cover types in present and proposed onshore wind power developments Southern Sweden 2) How do present and approved wind power developments relate to National Interest areas in the southern counties of Skåne. Halland, Kronoberg and Jönköping? 3)How do present and approved wind power developments relate to National Interest areas in the southern municipalities of Falkenberg and Uppvidinge? 4) Have ILCA and similar assessments had an influence on successful Wind Power development implementation and Landscape Democracy in Falkenberg and Uppvidinge? All spatial analyses were carried out with a Geographical Information System.
My results showed an increase up to 50% in impacted Arable Land in nemoral regions of Sweden and 94% in Conifer forests in boreonemoral regions of Sweden, with these land covers being the most relevant in each respective region. Private landowners are also shown to bear the brunt of the impacted areas, with an increase of 124% and 194% in nemoral and boreonemoral regions, respectively. Wind Power sites were found to visually impact up to 50% of National Interest areas in Skåne, Halland, Kronoberg and Jönköping. 68% of National Interest areas impacted are present within 4km of proposed wind power sites in Uppvidinge, and 34% of National Interest areas impacted are present within 4km of proposed sites in Falkenberg. Finally, the existence of a landscape character analysis based on ELC principles prior to wind power implementation in Falkenberg linked with the successful implementation of wind power infrastructure in the municipality, while the opposite in Uppvidinge led to an unsuccessful implementation of wind power infrastructure. By highlighting the dimension of land use and actor conflict linked to wind power infrastructure, as well as the processes that can solve these conflicts and enhance regional planning and landscape democracy, I am confident I can provide with important information that can improve sustainable landscape planning in the multifunctional landscape of the present and the future.

Main title:Sustainable development of on-shore wind power
Subtitle:integrated landscape character assessment as a tool to improve assessment of on-shore wind power in southern Sweden
Authors:Mascareño Suarez, Diego
Supervisor:Olsson, Patrik and Svensson, Johan and Bjärstig, Therese and Neumann Sivertsson, Wiebke
Examiner:Sang, Neil and Alfengård, Matilda
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2022
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:LM006 Landscape Architecture 120 HEC
Supervising department:(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)
Keywords:wind power, landscape democracy,, ArcGIS, european landscape convention,, landscape actors, land use conflicts
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18469
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18469
Subjects:Landscape architecture
Language:English
Deposited On:21 Nov 2022 09:49
Metadata Last Modified:22 Nov 2022 02:00

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