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Kirkhorn, Patricia, 2022. Mitigating the Urban Heat Island Effect in a Local Context : how wind and vegetation regulate temperatures during summer, with an example from the grounds of Karlstad Central Hospital, Sweden. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)

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Abstract

Climate change is the cause of more weather extremes. Cities' dense configuration, heat
absorbing surfaces and low amount of vegetation leads to higher temperatures within cities
known as the urban heat island effect (UHI). Mitigating and adapting to warm temperatures is
of great importance to minimise the risk of people suffering from heat stress and for avoiding
high energy usage for cooling. This thesis researches how vegetation, especially trees,
interacts with wind and solar radiation using Geographical Information Systems and
microclimate modelling, with aim for greater understanding how to use nature based
solutions within cities. The study takes place at the Karlstad region hospital area in Sweden.
Scenarios with different amounts of trees and respective leaf area density were modelled in a
unvegetated area enclosed with buildings on two sides. The results showed that vegetation
slightly changes wind speed while the wind patterns are more affected by vegetation. Air
temperature reduction is highest under the trees and its near surroundings. The result showed
that the amount of trees matter; more trees evens out and lower temperatures in a wider area.
Thus, the overall physiological equivalent temperature (PET), which considers the heat
balance of the body, air temperature, incoming solar radiation, wind movement and humidity,
found that wind and vegetation best together improves thermal comfort during warm seasons.
This thesis illustrates the complex challenges in cities and the many interactions leading to
higher temperatures. Understanding a place's prerequisites, meteorological conditions,
vegetation aesthetic and technical functions is key for providing a long term sustainable
design. Further research assessing more seasons and sites is suggested to evaluate the results
viability.

Main title:Mitigating the Urban Heat Island Effect in a Local Context
Subtitle:how wind and vegetation regulate temperatures during summer, with an example from the grounds of Karlstad Central Hospital, Sweden
Authors:Kirkhorn, Patricia
Supervisor:Sang, Neil and Deak Sjöman, Johanna
Examiner:Larsson, Anders and Klich, Christopher
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2022
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:LY002 Landscape Architecture Programme, Alnarp 300 HEC
Supervising department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)
Keywords:GIS, Envi-met, microclimate, climate change, vegetation, wind, city planning, urban heat island, thermal comfort
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18094
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-18094
Subjects:Landscape architecture
Language:English
Deposited On:09 Aug 2022 06:27
Metadata Last Modified:10 Aug 2022 01:02

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