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Andersson, Fredrik and Hansson, Mattias, 2022. Human-wildlife conflicts and impacts on smallholder livelihoods in the mid-hills of Nepal – a minor field study. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Other

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Human wildlife conflicts are an increasing phenomenon in Nepal which is having serious impacts on the livelihoods of rural communities. Several studies have tried to understand what drives this change with different angles and focuses. By using a more holistic approach and broader theoretical framework with political ecology, this minor field study tries to untangle and better understand the complex nature of HWC. Situated in the mid-hills of Nepal, Khimti and Chyasku were selected as study sites to collect primary data by conducting qualitative research and interviews. The results show that wildlife is a growing problem for both villages, with the key difference of which animal is the most problematic. Khimti had a larger problem with monkeys, closely followed by deer, while Chyasku was the opposite. However, both villages reported the same intensity of losses and subsequently the same pressure upon their livelihood. The analysis of the data further revealed that HWC indeed is a complex problem relating to outmigration, labor change dynamics, community forestry and policies regarding both forestry and wildlife conservation.
There is a clear clash between both international and national wishes to preserve wildlife and forests and the livelihoods of the rural communities. There is a need for policies to change, but more research is needed in this field to enable decision-makers to make informed decisions that benefit all actors.

Main title:Human-wildlife conflicts and impacts on smallholder livelihoods in the mid-hills of Nepal – a minor field study
Authors:Andersson, Fredrik and Hansson, Mattias
Supervisor:Khatri, Dil and Marquardt, Kristina
Examiner:Alsanius, Beatrix
Series:Molecular Sciences
Volume/Sequential designation:2022:34
Year of Publication:2022
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM028 Sustainable Food Systems - Master's Programme, 120.0hp
Supervising department:Other
Keywords:Community forestry, Crop loss, Human-wildlife conflict, Labor dynamics, Out-migration, Rural livelihoods
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Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Animal ecology
Deposited On:11 Jul 2022 08:21
Metadata Last Modified:12 Jul 2022 01:06

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