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Holma, Frida, 2009. Latitudinal patterns in body size of Roesel’s bush cricket Metrioptera roeselii within and outside the continuous area of its distribution. Second cycle, A1E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Ecology

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Abstract

Over time, species colonize new areas naturally or through humans. The colonizers are
often few and founded populations represent only a fraction of the genetic diversity
existing in the original population. If the established population becomes isolated after
the colonization event genetic diversity will remain low and if the population, in addition,
remains small in size for an extended period this will lead to increased inbreeding and
possibly inbreeding depression. Metrioptera roeselii is a common species with a
widespread distribution in continental Europe. During the last century, it has expanded to
the Scandinavian Peninsula which is separated from continental Europe by the Baltic Sea.
My aim was to test the hypothesis that individuals in isolated populations in Scandinavia
including Denmark and the Baltic Sea islands are smaller than individuals in the
continuous part of its distribution due to low genetic diversity and lacking incoming gene
flow. I measured and analyzed ten morphological traits and found no support for my
hypothesis. Rather, no trait in the isolated populations was smaller than in continuous
ones but was instead on average larger. To control for the influence of regional climate,
distance to coast and latitude were included as factors and both explained a large part of
the trait variation in the isolated populations while they did not in continuous ones. My
conclusion is that M. roeselii manages the isolated situation well because it is a generalist
and good competitor. Differences in gene flow among the two groups of populations lead
to different latitudinal pattern with increasing body mass at higher latitude in isolated
populations while in continuous populations, they were of equal size.

Main title:Latitudinal patterns in body size of Roesel’s bush cricket Metrioptera roeselii within and outside the continuous area of its distribution
Authors:Holma, Frida
Supervisor:Lundhagen, Anna
Examiner:Ranius, Thomas
Series:Thesis / SLU, Department of ecology
Volume/Sequential designation:2009:7
Year of Publication:2009
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A1E
Student's programme affiliation:NBMMP Natural Resources Programme - Biology and Soil Science 240 HEC
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Keywords:Metrioptera roeselii, inbreeding depression, latitudinal pattern
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-75
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-75
Subjects:Animal ecology
Language:English
Deposited On:14 May 2009 06:44
Metadata Last Modified:20 Apr 2012 14:08

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