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Toni, Michaela, 2021. Effect of seminal plasma on the acrosome status of cryopreserved stallion spermatozoa. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Clinical Sciences (until 231231)



Today breeding through artificial insemination (AI) with cryopreserved semen is frequently used in
several domestic species, but its use is more problematic in horses, partly because of reduced sperm
quality and partly because the timing of insemination relative to ovulation is more crucial for frozen
semen than for fresh. Therefore, improvements in the freezing technique are needed. In this study,
the effect of adding pooled seminal plasma (SP) from stallions with good freezability (Good freezer
stallion; GF) and bad freezability (Bad freezer stallion; BF) to spermatozoa selected by single layer
centrifugation from GF or BF stallions prior to cryopreservation was investigated. Of particular
interest was whether SP can have a positive impact on sperm acrosome status, thereby enhancing
Frozen semen from 12 stallions was available. Aliquots of 5 ml from each ejaculate through normal
centrifugation and then frozen were used as controls (C). The remaining parts of the ejaculates were
processed by single layer centrifugation (SLC) to remove SP and divided into three aliquots; sample
without SP addition (S), sample with SP from GF (S-GF) and sample with SP from BF (S-BF). After
thawing, the proportion of live or dead spermatozoa in the sample and the proportion of spermatozoa
with an intact or reacted acrosome were evaluated by flow cytometry.
The results indicate that the source of the SP (GF or BF) and the origin of the spermatozoa (GF or
BF) were important. There was a positive effect of adding SP from GF to SLC-selected spermatozoa
(p = 0.0017) compared to the control sample. If the sperm samples were divided according to
whether they came from good freezer stallions or bad freezer stallions, the effect of adding SP was
most marked when the spermatozoa came from a BF stallion (P = 0.04). In other words, the effect
of adding SP to sperm samples is due to both the SP and the spermatozoa themselves. No statistical
differences were seen between the different treatments (S, S-GF and S-BF) of SLC-selected samples.
To draw more reliable conclusions more studies are needed. The study also confirms SLC as a
reliable processing method for increasing sperm survival during freezing.

Main title:Effect of seminal plasma on the acrosome status of cryopreserved stallion spermatozoa
Authors:Toni, Michaela
Supervisor:Johannisson, Anders and Morrell, Jane and Al-Essawe, Essraa M
Examiner:Lindahl, Johanna
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2021
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:VY002 Veterinary Medicine Programme 330 HEC
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences (until 231231)
Keywords:acrosome, cryopreservation, artificial insemination, seminal plasma, spermatozoa, equine, stallion, “good freezer”, “bad freezer”, acrosome status, capacitation
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Animal physiology - Reproduction
Deposited On:21 May 2021 06:38
Metadata Last Modified:01 Sep 2022 23:15

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