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Voigtländer, Tamara Kristin, 2020. Comparison and optimization of removal of natural organic carbon from raw water with ultrafiltration in pilot scale experiments. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment

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Abstract

The removal of natural organic matter (NOM) from Swedish surface waters has become a large challenge for drinking water treatment plants (DWTP), as NOM content has been rising in surface waters all over Northern Europe. In the last decade, membrane technologies, often combined with coagulation, have become more and more common. The DWTP Norrvatten in Stockholm treats water from lake Mälaren with conventional coagulation and sedimentation. However, they are currently testing an online coagulation-ultrafiltration system in a large pilot plant container at Görvälnverket in Stockholm to find out whether it can serve as a future technology in times of increasing NOM levels in Mälaren and increasing need for drinking water.
In this study, a compact table-scale water treatment pilot plant working with a hollow-fibre ultrafiltration membrane was used to investigate and optimize the removal of NOM from raw water. NOM removal was quantified using online sensor detection of FDOM and via DOC grab samples. It was documented that the removal of NOM with the small-scale pilot plant is highly comparable to the results from the large container-scale pilot plant at Norrvatten. Therefore, it is a valuable tool to conduct fast, easy, and cheap pretests in the future. Optimal coagulation conditions across an ultrafiltration membrane with polyaluminium chloride were identified (6 mg/l and pH=6) and three different raw waters of varying quality and NOM content were tested using high-frequency multiparameter analysis, spectrofluoresence and total organic carbon analysis. Removal efficiencies of up to 57% fluorescent dissolved organic matter could be achieved. However, raw waters with NOM contents over 15 mg/l will remain a challenge with this treatment technology, because the remaining NOM contents are higher (7,6 mg/l) than the legal threshold (ca. 5mg/l).

Main title:Comparison and optimization of removal of natural organic carbon from raw water with ultrafiltration in pilot scale experiments
Authors:Voigtländer, Tamara Kristin
Supervisor:Köhler, Stephan
Examiner:Huser, Brian
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2020
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM025 EnvEuro - European Master in Environmental Science 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Keywords:Dissolved Organic Carbon, raw water quality, online coagulation, high-frequency sonde, drinking water treatment
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-16156
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-16156
Subjects:Water resources and management
Chemistry
Language:English
Deposited On:12 Oct 2020 08:15
Metadata Last Modified:13 Oct 2020 01:05

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