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Hellsten, Ida, 2020. Gyltors anpassningsförmåga till nya miljöer : i relation till ras och social miljö. First cycle, G2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Environment and Health (until 231231)



Since 1988, Sweden has had legal requirements to keep gestation sows group-housed. In 2012 there
was a switch in the Swedish breeding material ant the Dutch Yorkshire (DY) was introduced to the
Swedish producers, a breed that has been kept in individual stalls in comparison to the Swedish
breeds, like Swedish Yorkshire (SY) that DY replaced. Previous studies have found that different
social treatments of pigs and piglets in general have had a significant difference, for instance, on
regrouping and weaning.
The aim of this study was to find if there are any difference between the breeds SY and DY in
the gilt’s response to isolation just before the first farrowing. It was also studied whether or not
different social environments during the gilts’ early and late growth affected the gilts’ response to
isolation. A total of 93 gilts were used in this study, 39 SY and 49 DY. The gilts experienced their
first social treatment (during nursing period) when they were two weeks old and this lasted until
they reached an age of five weeks. The treatment involved the piglets living in loose farrowing pens,
either in an “Access pen” or in a “Closed pen”. Piglets living in an “Access pen” had the opportunity
to access the neighbouring pen and interact with the sow and piglets there. Piglets living in “Closed
pen” did not have access to the neighbouring pen. The second social treatment was executed when
the gilts were ten weeks old. This treatment involved being regrouped into a group of four gilts,
either in a constellation of only littermates or in a group consisting of two gilts from two different
litters. These groups remained intact, and the gilts were inseminated at approximately 25 weeks of
age and separated from their group of four a week before expected farrowing and moved to
individual farrowing pens. In connection with this separation, an isolation test was performed. The
isolation test was done by noting the time it took for each gilt to lie down the first time. The data
from the isolation test were analysed by variance analysis (General linear model).
No significant results were found for neither the first social treatment (p=0.442) or the second
social treatment (p=0.562). Different social treatments might therefore not have impact on the gilts
facing social isolation in the farrowing pen. A significant difference between the breeds SY and DY
was found (p=0.005), it took longer time for the SY-gilts to lie down in the farrowing pen compared
with the DY-gilts. This could indicate that the DY-gilts have been indirectly selected to manage
individual stalls. In conclusion, breed seems to affect when the gilt settles after moving to the
farrowing pen. However, more research is needed in order to obtain a deeper understanding
regarding the importance of social environments and breeds in concerns to how well suited they are
for group housing.
Keywords: pig, gilt, genotype, isolation, social treatment

Main title:Gyltors anpassningsförmåga till nya miljöer
Subtitle:i relation till ras och social miljö
Authors:Hellsten, Ida
Supervisor:Hannius, Linda Marie
Examiner:Wallgren, Torun
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2020
Level and depth descriptor:First cycle, G2E
Student's programme affiliation:VK005 Ethology and Animal Welfare - Bachelor's Programme, 180.0hp
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Environment and Health (until 231231)
Keywords:gris, gylta, social behandling, genotyp, isolering
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Animal genetics and breeding
Animal ecology
Deposited On:14 Jul 2020 11:42
Metadata Last Modified:15 Jul 2020 01:00

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