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Forsythe, Christopher, 2019. Exploring the viability of re-introducing Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet as a multifunctional legume in northern Tanzania. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)

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Abstract

Tanzanian people are currently facing food insecurity, poor nutrition and poverty. Agriculture is not meeting the demand since Tanzania is a net food importer. Smallholder farmers continue to be poor and rely heavily on one simple system of maize intercropped with common bean, two economically important staples, however, this system is suffering declining yields. One way to make the system more resilient is to diversify the system through growing rarely-used indigenous legume species that are already adapted to the harsh environment of the region. One legume crop called Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet, can improve food security because it is considered to have multiple valuable uses. Lablab provides food for humans and livestock, generates income as a cash crop, improves soil through high levels of nitrogen-fixation and is drought resistant. Factors threatening lablab’s adoption by farmers include poor access to improved varieties, extreme attractiveness to damaging insects, poor marketing channels, low human palatability and lack of knowledge for production and marketing. These are the many socio-ecological factors that farmers must overcome to increase adoption.
This study used farmer interviews for the goal of determining if lablab is viable and
in-fact multifunctional to benefit smallholder farmers in the proposed region of northern Tanzania. Another objective of the interviews was to learn more about farmers uses of lablab and their traditional knowledge of growing lablab production. Also included in the thesis was a field experiment where several different indigenous lablab accessions were field tested either sole cropped or intercropped with maize to determine if genetic insect resistance is available among them.
Farmers ranked economic factors number one as both motivation and constraints to grow or not to grow lablab, highlighting the shift towards using the grain primarily for income generation rather than home consumption. The constraints were identified as “poor market price” showing that the lablab market needs to be expanded and product transportation costs need to be lowered for greater adoption by farmers. The insect relative abundance study identified several accessions that are more tolerant to damaging insect pests when compared to commercial lablab varieties. The study also revealed that intercropping lablab with maize can help towards lowering the abundance of certain pest insect species.
The results of the insect study will be used towards developing and making available to farmers improved accessions. The information gained from conducting farmer interviews will provide solid information towards increasing production of a potentially important crop for smallholder farmers in the region and subsequently to improve their livelihoods and food security.

Main title:Exploring the viability of re-introducing Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet as a multifunctional legume in northern Tanzania
Authors:Forsythe, Christopher
Supervisor:Carlsson, Georg and Rowe-Miller, Neil and Nyambo, Brigitte and Sadovska, Vira
Examiner:Tasin, Marco
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2019
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:LM005 Agroecology - Master's programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
Keywords:Tanzania, agroecology, Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet, insect pest, accession, multifunctional crop, viable crop, socio-ecological niche
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-500009
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-500009
Subjects:Development economics and policies
Language:English
Deposited On:09 Dec 2019 08:46
Metadata Last Modified:29 May 2020 13:15

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