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Mohajer Shojai, Tabassom, 2019. The mechanisms of TK1 secretion in cancer cells. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry

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Abstract

A seventy five percent increase in cancer incidence within 10 years is one of the major human health issues based on the World Health Or-ganization (WHO) evaluation. Prevention of cancer through health screening was suggested by the WHO as a means of early detection of cancer. Thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) is one of the key enzymes for DNA replication and cell division, which could have a role in tumor for-mation and progression. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles which were recently shown to act as messengers of tumor cells to communi-cate with cells in the body. The aim of this study was to evaluate if TK1 was excreted via exosomes in a BJ tumor (BJ-T) cell line as well as BJ normal (BJ-N) cell line. Exosomes were isolated from media superna-tants of BJ-T and BJ-N cells using ultracentrifugation and the final exo-some preparations were resuspended in phosphate buffered saline. TK1 activity and concentration in the supernatants before and after ultracen-trifugation as well as exosome samples were evaluated by [3H]-dThd phosphorylation assay and dot-blot chemiluminescence assay, respec-tively. Specific activity of BJ-T exosome-derived TK1 was 16.9 times more than BJ-N exosome-derived TK1, where there was also two times more TK1 concentration in BJ-T exosomes compared to BJ-N exo-somes. In conclusion, TK1 excretion was via exosomes and exosome-derived TK1 could be a tumor biomarker for BJ-T cells. Furthermore in vitro and in vivo investigations are needed in order to evaluate whether TK1 could be a useful biomarker for tumor tissue and/or in clinical level.

Main title:The mechanisms of TK1 secretion in cancer cells
Authors:Mohajer Shojai, Tabassom
Supervisor:Wang, Liya
Examiner:Eriksson, Staffan
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2019
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:VM006 Animal Science - Master's Programme
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry
Keywords:Thymidine kinase 1 excretion, cancer cell line, dot-blot chemiluminescence assay, exosome isola-tion, [3H]-dThd phosphorylation assay
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-11087
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-11087
Subjects:Animal physiology and biochemistry
Language:English
Deposited On:06 Nov 2019 09:13
Metadata Last Modified:08 Nov 2019 15:15

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