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Karlsson Warring, Sofia, 2019. Development of a method for preparing alpaca semen by colloid centrifugation. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Clinical Sciences (until 231231)



Alpacas belong to the South American Camelids and they share many characteristics with other
camelids. The camelids have unique reproductive characteristics; one example of that is the
high viscosity of their semen. The latter has caused problems for many years, since it causes
difficulties in collecting, handling and processing the semen for artificial insemination. Several
methods for handling alpaca semen have been attempted; One that has been doing particularly
well in different studies is Single layer Centrifugation (SLC), which has shown promising
results in species such as stallions, boar, goat, donkey, llama and camel. The aim of this study
was to examine whether the semen could be liquefied in Tris-citrate-fructose to enable the
spermatozoa to swim freely and whether SLC could be beneficial in processing alpaca semen
as it has been in other animal species.

This study took place at San Marcos University in Lima; a total of 9 ejaculates from 4 different
alpaca males were assessed. The ejaculates were liquefied with tris-citrate-fructose, prepared
with SLC and thereafter evaluated for volume, concentration, motility, membrane integrity,
vitality and morphology. The assessments took place both directly after collection as well as
after 24 hours of storage in 4 degrees Celsius. The evaluation were made manually with a light
microscope. The results were compared to control samples.

The results showed that it was possible to liquefy alpaca semen in Tris-citrate-fructose because
all the samples had spermatozoa that swam freely after being subjected to Tris-citrate-fructose.
Significantly better values (p<.05) in motility, in some aspects of vitality and abnormal tails,
but not membrane integrity were shown for spermatozoa that had been processed with SLC.
These results demonstrate that SLC might have a beneficial effect on the quality of alpaca
spermatozoa, but to draw more reliable conclusions there is need for further studies.

Main title:Development of a method for preparing alpaca semen by colloid centrifugation
Authors:Karlsson Warring, Sofia
Supervisor:Morrell, Jane
Examiner:Axner, Eva
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2019
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:VY002 Veterinary Medicine Programme 330 HEC
Supervising department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences (until 231231)
Keywords:alpaca semen, single layer centrifugation, colloid, motility, artificial insemination.
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Animal husbandry
Deposited On:02 Sep 2019 10:31
Metadata Last Modified:04 Jun 2020 13:55

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