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Dambrauskaite, Milda, 2019. Incidence of Heterobasidion spp.in Scots pine on "low risk" sites in Southern Sweden. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

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Abstract

Heterobasidion spp. fungi cause pathogenic infections in woody plants throughout the northern hemisphere, causing the most damage in the Boreal forest zone. In Sweden Scots pine, being the second most economically important tree species, suffers a considerable amount of damage as Heterobasidion spp. fungal infections hinder the annual increment of a tree. This causes significant financial losses.

The aim of this research is to determine Heterobasidion spp. incidence in Scots pine stands growing on sites, considered unlikely to be infected in Southern Sweden. In this study Scots pine trees, growing on “low risk” sites in Southern Sweden were sampled. 15 trees were sampled - 5 samples discs per tree were taken from the root systems of each. In total 75 trees were sampled. Sample discs were taken at 20-75 cm from root collar. Each tree was measured for volume calculations and visually evaluated for defoliation. Afterwards, samples were incubated at room temperature and checked for conidiophore presence using a stereo microscope.

The results revealed that Heterobasidion spp. infection was present in Scots pine trees on two out of five sampled stands. There was no correlation found between the sampled root diameter and the infection presence. Defoliation proved not to be a viable method for diagnosing the Heterobasidion spp. infection on living Scots pine trees. Current forest management practices in Sweden are not adapted for Heterobasidion spp. infection control, causing significant financial losses for the forest owners. This could be prevented by thinning the stands in winter as well as treating the stumps after each thinning.

Main title:Incidence of Heterobasidion spp.in Scots pine on "low risk" sites in Southern Sweden
Authors:Dambrauskaite, Milda
Supervisor:Rönnberg, Jonas and Khaled, Youssef
Examiner:Löf, Magnus
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:UNSPECIFIED
Year of Publication:2019
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:SM001 Euroforester - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Keywords:Heterobasidion annosum, incidence, Scots pine, spore, infection, thinning, Southern Sweden
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-10621
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-10621
Subjects:Forestry - General aspects
Language:English
Deposited On:03 Jul 2019 10:17
Metadata Last Modified:05 Jul 2019 11:52

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