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Matule, Baiba, 2018. Fungal endophyte communities in declining and vital oak (Quercus robur L.) trees. Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

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Abstract

The role of microbiome in tree health is receiving increasing interest in forest pathology research. This study focuses on the abundance and diversity of fungal endophytes in pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) differentiating in vitality. Earlier studies with peri-urban, young oak trees have indicated that fungal endophyte diversity in woody tissues of oaks is lower in highly vital trees. In this thesis, the hypothesis that declining trees harbour a higher fungal diversity was tested in a production forest setting, using older trees. To test the hypothesis, endophytes were isolated from bark and xylem of Quercus robur L., using two types of agar-media to select for a broad range of fungi. Based on the morphological characters of the colonies the isolates grouped into 38 morphotypes and a group of singletons, and the frequency and diversity of fungi in different tissue types (bark and xylem of differently vital trees) was compared. The results indicate that endophyte communities of Quercus robur L. xylem and bark are more diverse in trees showing some symptoms of decline in comparison to the seemingly healthy-looking trees, but that the diversity was reduced in the most strongly declined trees. In addition, the results confirmed the earlier findings showing that bark associated endophyte communities are more diverse than xylem associated communities. I also found that samples of water agar harbored different assemblage of morphotypes comparing to malt extract agar. Future studies are required to characterize fungal endophyte communities in order to evaluate the interactions that take place within the complex, understudied networks and apply them in ecosystem management.

Main title:Fungal endophyte communities in declining and vital oak (Quercus robur L.) trees
Authors:Matule, Baiba
Supervisor:Witzell, Johanna
Examiner:Brunet, Jörg
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för sydsvensk skogsvetenskap
Volume/Sequential designation:292
Year of Publication:2018
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:SM001 Euroforester - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Keywords:endophytic fungi diversity, forest microbiome, morphological identification of fungi, Quercus robur L., plant-endophyte interaction
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9743
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9743
Subjects:Forestry - General aspects
Language:English
Deposited On:19 Sep 2018 13:01
Metadata Last Modified:26 Feb 2019 12:09

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