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Källmark, Lovisa, 2018. How does drought affect child health outcomes in Zimbabwe? : an econometric analysis. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Economics

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Abstract

This thesis contributes to the broader economic literature on income shocks and child health outcomes. Child health outcomes are known to be an important factor in determining the overall health, school results and productivity later on in life as an adult. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between exposure to drought around the time of birth and child health outcomes in Zimbabwe. Drought is a relevant measure for an income shock since Zimbabwe is heavily dependent on rain-fed agriculture that provides approximately 70 percent of the population with their livelihoods. The key measure for the child health outcome is the height-for-age value, known as chronic malnutrition. Furthermore, this paper examines if a gender-bias exists as well as if residing in the rural areas could be a negative risk factor for the drought chock.

The main results indicate that moderate drought at the time of birth is associated with a negative deviations from the mean reference population’s height-for-age value. Meaning that the child’s growth would be negatively affected by the drought. The analysis could not establish if gender or urban versus rural status made the child more vulnerable to drought.

My findings are relevant for low‐income countries with prevalent levels of malnutrition where drought could affect food security and malnutrition levels, hence affect the human capital formation.

Main title:How does drought affect child health outcomes in Zimbabwe?
Subtitle:an econometric analysis
Authors:Källmark, Lovisa
Supervisor:Gren, Ing-Marie and Tei Mensah, Justice
Examiner:Hess, Sebastian
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för ekonomi
Volume/Sequential designation:1174
Year of Publication:2018
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM005 Environmental Economics and Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Keywords:Zimbabwe, height-for-age, drought, standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index, human capital
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9535
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9535
Subjects:Economics and management
Language:English
Deposited On:11 Jul 2018 07:53
Metadata Last Modified:25 Feb 2019 13:23

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