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Östlund, Ida, 2006. A candidate gene approach to identify genes predisposing for the autoimmune disease canine lymphocytic thyroiditis (CTL). SLU, Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Uppsala. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics

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Abstract

The overall aim with this project is to apply a candidate gene approach to identify genes
predisposing for the autoimmune disease, canine lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT). Individuals
clinically diagnosed either as CLT-affected or as healthy non-affected controls were analyzed
from two birth cohorts of the breeds Giant Schnauzer and Hovawart, breeds that both has
high incidence of CLT.
Two different genes were evaluated for their potential involvement in CLT disease aetiology.
Selection of the candidate genes was based on their confirmed role in both human and mouse
as genetic risk factors in thyroid autoimmune disease. Firstly, to evaluate whether certain
DLA-DRB1 Major Histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II exon 2 genotypes predispose
for the development of CLT, cloning and sequencing of DLA-DRB1 exon 2 PCR products
were performed. Secondly, studies of the gene encoding cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4
(CTLA-4) were performed using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis and
microsatellites. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the cloned DLA-DRB1 alleles will allow us to
evaluate whether certain DRB1 alleles are predisposing for CLT [4]. A microsatellite analysis
of CTLA-4 strongly suggested that CTLA-4 may be excluded as a gene predisposing for CLT
in Giant schnauzer, with a chi-square value of 1.96 with three degrees of freedom. For a Chi
square to be significant for three degrees of freedom it should be greater than or equal to 7.82.
The P-value was 0.58, which indicates no statistical significance in the results. However,
additional CLT-affected individuals and healthy controls must be analysed to obtain
conclusive results.

Main title:A candidate gene approach to identify genes predisposing for the autoimmune disease canine lymphocytic thyroiditis (CTL)
Authors:Östlund, Ida
Supervisor:Andersson, Göran
Examiner:UNSPECIFIED
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Institutionen för husdjursgenetik
Volume/Sequential designation:276
Year of Publication:2006
Level and depth descriptor:Other
Student's programme affiliation:BTEMP Biotechnology Programme 240 HEC
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Keywords:canis familiaris, autoimmune disease, thyroiditis, genes
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9045
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-9045
Subjects:SLU > (VH) > Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Animal genetics and breeding
Language:English
Deposited On:22 Nov 2017 12:11
Metadata Last Modified:22 Nov 2017 12:11

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