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Jogi, Ornella, 2017. Analysing the seal-fishery conflict in the Baltic Sea and exploring new ways of looking at marine mammal movement data. Second cycle, A2E. Umeå: SLU, Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies

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Abstract

A comprehensive analysis of the available data reveals that there is currently not enough
information for making informed management decisions regarding the seal-fishery conflict in
the Baltic Sea. Knowledge of hidden and visual damages is limited, which means that the
actual cost to the fishing industry from damages is not known. No research has been carried out
of the effects of culling seals, which has been one of the main conflict management strategies.
As rising seal numbers are probably going to lead to increased damages, then the other main
management tool – compensation payments, will not be a viable long-term strategy and does
not ensure that coastal fishing industry will survive. I argue that governments should instead
concentrate on technical innovations to reduce seal damages, as fish damaged in gear has
currently been the main concern for fishermen. In the second part of the thesis, integrated stepselection
function was successfully used to look at grey and ringed seal movements on a fine
scale, which shows that such a method can be used on marine mammal data to obtain novel
information for management. The results showed that both species select for deeper areas
compared to what is available within the range of a single step. Previous studies have only
shown that seals reside in shallower areas, but as iSSA defines availability more precisely, it
was possible to see that although seals are bound to shallower areas due to haul-out sites, they
seem to select for deeper water in those areas. Ringed seals had shorter step lengths in deeper
areas and when further from coast, whereas grey seals had longer step lengths in deeper areas
and away from coast. This might be explained by the difference in water depths that these
species use for movement and for feeding. Grey seals selected for steps that were closer to
coast and ringed seals selected for steps further from coast. Grey seals had shorter step lengths
and directional persistence when slope of the seafloor was steeper, which could show the areas
where grey seals prefer to feed and use for directional movement.

Main title:Analysing the seal-fishery conflict in the Baltic Sea and exploring new ways of looking at marine mammal movement data
Authors:Jogi, Ornella
Supervisor:Singh, Navinder and Karlsson, Olle and Ahola, Markus and Lundström, Karl
Examiner:Alanärä, Anders
Series:UNSPECIFIED
Volume/Sequential designation:2017:15
Year of Publication:2017
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:None
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Keywords:Halichoerus grypus, Phoca hispida botnica, seal-fishery conflict, human-wildlife conflict, integrated step selection analysis
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8481
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-s-8481
Subjects:Fisheries production
Language:English
Deposited On:01 Nov 2017 08:35
Metadata Last Modified:01 Nov 2017 08:35

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