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Olerås, Kristoffer, 2008. Markberedningens, planteringspunktens och behållardjupets inflytande på granminiplantors etablering i fält. SLU, School for Forest Management, Skinnskatteberg. Skinnskatteberg: SLU, School for Forest Management



A new type of forest tree seedling, called mini seedling, has been developed by the University
of Dalarna in Garpenberg, Sweden. Compared to traditional containerized seedlings
that are grown for 1 – 2 years, mini seedlings are grown for only 10 weeks. The mini seedlings
are small, easily planted, cost effective, and reduce the amount of chemicals used in
the nursery. Research has shown that mini seedlings tend to have higher overall survival
rates than traditional container seedlings. Mini seedlings are rarely attacked by the pine
weevil (Hylobius abietis (L.)), but are more sensitive to drought than traditional containerized
seedlings. The growing season of 2006 was unusually dry with several weeks without
precipitation, resulting in widespread damage to newly planted seedlings. Since container
depth and the selection of planting spot may have an impact on resistance to drought two
field experiments with different kinds of mini seedlings and scarification methods were
carried out in the area of Garpenberg during 2007. The first experiment included three different
container depths of mini seedlings planted at the top of mounds and at the terrace of
the ridge. The second experiment included two different container volumes of mini seedlings
planted after disc trenching and inversal scarification. Both field experiments were
conducted to investigate how container depth/volume, planting spot, and scarification
method, affects survival rate and establishment during the first planting season. As reference,
both field experiments included 1- year old conventional seedlings of Norway spruce
(Picea abies L.). The results for the first field experiment showed an overall survival rate
of 85 %. All of the reference seedlings were alive, while 5 % were deadly damaged by the
pine weevil. Between 5 – 15 % of the mini seedlings were dead, caused by drought or mechanical
damage. The results indicate that mini seedlings with shorter container depth were
more susceptible to drought. However, no significant difference was found between container
depths, and plantation spots when comparing survival rate, and establishment. Overall,
mini seedlings were less attacked by the pine weevil, but were more vulnerable to
drought, mechanical damage, and grazing. There are no significant results indicating that
mini seedlings planted at the top of the ridge grow better than in those planted lower at the
terrace. The results for the second field experiment show an overall survival rate of 95 %
after one season. Of the reference seedlings, 5 % were dead due to pine weevil, while for
mini seedlings, 2 – 15 % was dead, caused by pine weevil, drought, and mechanical damage.
The results show no significant difference in survival between container volumes, and
scarification methods. Mini seedlings were less attacked by pine weevil compared to conventional
seedlings, but were more vulnerable to drought, mechanical damage, and grazing.
The hypothesis that an increasing container volume for mini seedlings would lead to
an increase in survival and vitality could not be confirmed in this experiment. A reason for
this could be that the 2007 growing season was less dry than 2006 and a better water situation
may not have created enough stress during 2007 to achieve significant differences
between the two different types of seedlings.

Main title:Markberedningens, planteringspunktens och behållardjupets inflytande på granminiplantors etablering i fält
Authors:Olerås, Kristoffer
Supervisor:Högberg, Hans
Series:Examensarbete / SLU, Skogsmästarprogrammet
Volume/Sequential designation:2008:20
Year of Publication:2008
Level and depth descriptor:Other
Student's programme affiliation:SIPGM BSc in Forest Engeneering 180 HEC
Supervising department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Keywords:containerized seedlings, mini-seedlings, plantation spot, scarification
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:?? 5028 ??
Forestry - General aspects
Deposited On:01 Nov 2017 11:31
Metadata Last Modified:01 Nov 2017 11:31

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