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Schoeps, Maria, 2017. Storm water treatment in a multi-step system compared to a single-step system. Second cycle, A2E. Uppsala: SLU, Dept. of Soil and Environment



Urban areas are expanding at an increasing pace around the world as well as surfaces
with impervious layers, such as streets and rooftops. Precipitation, melt water and
water from human activities, which temporarily flow on these surfaces are defined as
storm water. As a result of replacing natural land with hard surfaces, a barrier for
natural water infiltration is created and amplitude and volume of water runoff are
increased. In addition, dissolved and particulate substances are transported with the
water during the runoff on hard surfaces, with risk of contaminating the areas in its
path. With concentrated and increased runoff, more particles are released and transported
with the water. However, proper and sustainable management of storm water
reduces the risk of flooding and contamination of water in urban and rural areas. The
choice of storm water system, together with maintenance and monitoring, are of great
importance for achieving the desired treatment and handling of storm water. In Sweden,
dams are one of the most widely used storm water facility in storm water system.
Dams function both as water reservoirs and as treatment facilities for removal of particles.
In this study, a storm water system located in an expanding industrial area in
Rosersberg was examined. The storm water system has the purpose to treat and delay
storm water draining to the nearby valuable stream Verkaån. It is a multi-step system,
consisting of a series of dams, which is commonly used in Sweden. However, studies
on treatment in multi-step systems are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to
examine treatment of pollutants in a multi-step system compared to treatment in a
single-step system. Monitoring data of pollutant loads from the multiple-dam storm
water system in Rosersberg was compared with pollutant loads as generated from
modelling of the system in the storm water software, StormTac. Monitored pollutant
loads after treatment in multiple dams in the storm water system were lower than the
modelled treatment of multiple dams for eleven out of thirteen substances, and lower
than the modelled treatment of a single dam for twelve out of thirteen substances.
Treatment effect of pollutants in the storm water system in Rosersberg was higher in
multiple dams, than in a single dam, for all modelled pollutant loads except for nitrogen.
It could therefore be concluded that a multi-step system treats storm water to a
larger extent than a single-step system.

Main title:Storm water treatment in a multi-step system compared to a single-step system
Authors:Schoeps, Maria
Supervisor:Wesström, Ingrid and Sörensen, Rasmus
Examiner:Messing, Ingmar
Series:Examensarbeten / Institutionen för mark och miljö, SLU
Volume/Sequential designation:2017:10
Year of Publication:2017
Level and depth descriptor:Second cycle, A2E
Student's programme affiliation:NM010 Soil and Water Management - Master's Programme 120 HEC
Supervising department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Keywords:storm water, storm water treatment, open storm water system, storm water dams, multi-step treatment, StormTac, pollutant load
Permanent URL:
Subject. Use of subject categories until 2023-04-30.:Water resources and management
Deposited On:18 Jul 2017 06:28
Metadata Last Modified:18 Jul 2017 06:28

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